EJ73x2 - 2-channel DC motor output stage

EtherCAT subscriber configuration

In the left-hand window of the TwinCAT 2 System Manager or the Solution Explorer of the TwinCAT 3 Development Environment respectively, click on the element of the terminal within the tree you wish to configure (in the example: EL3751 Terminal 3).

 
 Terminal_Tabs_Overview_Example_en
Branch element as terminal EL3751

In the right-hand window of the TwinCAT System manager (TwinCAT 2) or the Development Environment (TwinCAT 3), various tabs are now available for configuring the terminal. And yet the dimension of complexity of a subscriber determines which tabs are provided. Thus as illustrated in the example above the terminal EL3751 provides many setup options and also a respective number of tabs are available. On the contrary by the terminal EL1004 for example the tabs "General", "EtherCAT", "Process Data" and “Online“ are available only. Several terminals, as for instance the EL6695 provide special functions by a tab with its own terminal name, so “EL6695” in this case. A specific tab “Settings” by terminals with a wide range of setup options will be provided also (e.g. EL3751).

 

„General“ tab

“General” tab
Name
Name of the EtherCAT device
Id
Number of the EtherCAT device
Type
EtherCAT device type
Comment
Here you can add a comment (e.g. regarding the system).
Disabled
Here you can deactivate the EtherCAT device.
Create symbols
Access to this EtherCAT slave via ADS is only available if this control box is activated.
 
 

„EtherCAT“ tab

„EtherCAT“ tab
Type
EtherCAT device type
Product/Revision
Product and revision number of the EtherCAT device
Auto Inc Addr.
Auto increment address of the EtherCAT device. The auto increment address can be used for addressing each EtherCAT device in the communication ring through its physical position. Auto increment addressing is used during the start-up phase when the EtherCAT master allocates addresses to the EtherCAT devices. With auto increment addressing the first EtherCAT slave in the ring has the address 0000hex. For each further slave the address is decremented by 1 (FFFFhex, FFFEhex etc.).
EtherCAT Addr.
Fixed address of an EtherCAT slave. This address is allocated by the EtherCAT master during the start-up phase. Tick the control box to the left of the input field in order to modify the default value.
Previous Port
Name and port of the EtherCAT device to which this device is connected. If it is possible to connect this device with another one without changing the order of the EtherCAT devices in the communication ring, then this combination field is activated and the EtherCAT device to which this device is to be connected can be selected.
Advanced Settings
This button opens the dialogs for advanced settings.

The link at the bottom of the tab points to the product page for this EtherCAT device on the web.

 
 

“Process Data” tab

Indicates the configuration of the process data. The input and output data of the EtherCAT slave are represented as CANopen process data objects (Process Data Objects, PDOs). The user can select a PDO via PDO assignment and modify the content of the individual PDO via this dialog, if the EtherCAT slave supports this function.

“Process Data” tab

The process data (PDOs) transferred by an EtherCAT slave during each cycle are user data which the application expects to be updated cyclically or which are sent to the slave. To this end the EtherCAT master (Beckhoff TwinCAT) parameterizes each EtherCAT slave during the start-up phase to define which process data (size in bits/bytes, source location, transmission type) it wants to transfer to or from this slave. Incorrect configuration can prevent successful start-up of the slave.

For Beckhoff EtherCAT EL, ES, EM, EJ and EP slaves the following applies in general:

The input/output process data supported by the device are defined by the manufacturer in the ESI/XML description. The TwinCAT EtherCAT Master uses the ESI description to configure the slave correctly.
The process data can be modified in the system manager. See the device documentation.
Examples of modifications include: mask out a channel, displaying additional cyclic information, 16-bit display instead of 8-bit data size, etc.
In so-called “intelligent” EtherCAT devices the process data information is also stored in the CoE directory. Any changes in the CoE directory that lead to different PDO settings prevent successful startup of the slave. It is not advisable to deviate from the designated process data, because the device firmware (if available) is adapted to these PDO combinations.

If the device documentation allows modification of process data, proceed as follows (see Figure “Configuring the process data”).

A: select the device to configure
B: in the “Process Data” tab select Input or Output under SyncManager (C)
D: the PDOs can be selected or deselected
H: the new process data are visible as linkable variables in the system manager
The new process data are active once the configuration has been activated and TwinCAT has been restarted (or the EtherCAT master has been restarted)
E: if a slave supports this, Input and Output PDO can be modified simultaneously by selecting a so-called PDO record (“predefined PDO settings”).
 
Configuring the process data
Manual modification of the process data
According to the ESI description, a PDO can be identified as “fixed” with the flag “F” in the PDO overview (Fig. “Configuring the process data”, J). The configuration of such PDOs cannot be changed, even if TwinCAT offers the associated dialog (“Edit”). In particular, CoE content cannot be displayed as cyclic process data. This generally also applies in cases where a device supports download of the PDO configuration, “G”. In case of incorrect configuration the EtherCAT slave usually refuses to start and change to OP state. The System Manager displays an “invalid SM cfg” logger message: This error message (“invalid SM IN cfg” or “invalid SM OUT cfg”) also indicates the reason for the failed start.

A detailed description can be found at the end of this section.

 
 

„Startup“ tab

The Startup tab is displayed if the EtherCAT slave has a mailbox and supports the CANopen over EtherCAT (CoE) or Servo drive over EtherCAT protocol. This tab indicates which download requests are sent to the mailbox during startup. It is also possible to add new mailbox requests to the list display. The download requests are sent to the slave in the same order as they are shown in the list.

„Startup“ tab
Column
Description
Transition
Transition to which the request is sent. This can either be
the transition from pre-operational to safe-operational (PS), or
the transition from safe-operational to operational (SO).
If the transition is enclosed in "<>" (e.g. <PS>), the mailbox request is fixed and cannot be modified or deleted by the user.
Protocol
Type of mailbox protocol
Index
Index of the object
Data
Date on which this object is to be downloaded.
Comment
Description of the request to be sent to the mailbox
Move Up
This button moves the selected request up by one position in the list.
Move Down
This button moves the selected request down by one position in the list.
New
This button adds a new mailbox download request to be sent during startup.
Delete
This button deletes the selected entry.
Edit
This button edits an existing request.
 
 

“CoE – Online” tab

The additional CoE - Online tab is displayed if the EtherCAT slave supports the CANopen over EtherCAT (CoE) protocol. This dialog lists the content of the object list of the slave (SDO upload) and enables the user to modify the content of an object from this list. Details for the objects of the individual EtherCAT devices can be found in the device-specific object descriptions.

“CoE – Online” tab

Object list display

 
Column
Description
Index
Index and sub-index of the object
Name
Name of the object
Flags
RW
The object can be read, and data can be written to the object (read/write)
RO
The object can be read, but no data can be written to the object (read only)
P
An additional P identifies the object as a process data object.
Value
Value of the object
Update List
The Update list button updates all objects in the displayed list
Auto Update
If this check box is selected, the content of the objects is updated automatically.
Advanced
The Advanced button opens the Advanced Settings dialog. Here you can specify which objects are displayed in the list.
Dialog “Advanced settings”
 
Online - via SDO Information
If this option button is selected, the list of the objects included in the object list of the slave is uploaded from the slave via SDO information. The list below can be used to specify which object types are to be uploaded.
Offline - via EDS File
If this option button is selected, the list of the objects included in the object list is read from an EDS file provided by the user.
 
 

„Online“ tab

„Online“ tab

State Machine

 
Init
This button attempts to set the EtherCAT device to the Init state.
Pre-Op
This button attempts to set the EtherCAT device to the pre-operational state.
Op
This button attempts to set the EtherCAT device to the operational state.
Bootstrap
This button attempts to set the EtherCAT device to the Bootstrap state.
Safe-Op
This button attempts to set the EtherCAT device to the safe-operational state.
Clear Error
This button attempts to delete the fault display. If an EtherCAT slave fails during change of state it sets an error flag.
Example: An EtherCAT slave is in PREOP state (pre-operational). The master now requests the SAFEOP state (safe-operational). If the slave fails during change of state it sets the error flag. The current state is now displayed as ERR PREOP. When the Clear Error button is pressed the error flag is cleared, and the current state is displayed as PREOP again.
Current State
Indicates the current state of the EtherCAT device.
Requested State
Indicates the state requested for the EtherCAT device.
 
 

DLL Status

Indicates the DLL status (data link layer status) of the individual ports of the EtherCAT slave. The DLL status can have four different states:

 
Status
Description
No Carrier / Open
No carrier signal is available at the port, but the port is open.
No Carrier / Closed
No carrier signal is available at the port, and the port is closed.
Carrier / Open
A carrier signal is available at the port, and the port is open.
Carrier / Closed
A carrier signal is available at the port, but the port is closed.

File Access over EtherCAT

 
Download
With this button a file can be written to the EtherCAT device.
Upload
With this button a file can be read from the EtherCAT device.
 
 

"DC" tab (Distributed Clocks)

 
"DC" tab (Distributed Clocks)
Operation Mode
Options (optional):
FreeRun
SM-Synchron
DC-Synchron (Input based)
DC-Synchron
Advanced Settings…
Advanced settings for readjustment of the real time determinant TwinCAT-clock

Detailed information to Distributed Clocks are specified on http://infosys.beckhoff.com:

Fieldbus Components → EtherCAT Terminals → EtherCAT System documentation → EtherCAT basics → Distributed Clocks

 
Additional information
Download revision
Detailed description of Process Data tab